From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the capital of the United States. For the state on the U.S. West Coast, see Washington (state). For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation).
"United States capital" redirects here. For the capitol building, see United States Capitol.
Washington, D.C.
Federal district
District of Columbia
Clockwise from top left: Smithsonian Institution Building, Rock Creek Park, National Mall (including the Lincoln Memorial in the foreground), Howard Theatre and the Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
Flag of Washington, D.C.
Official seal of Washington, D.C.
Motto: Justitia Omnibus  (English: Justice for All)
Location of Washington, D.C., in the contiguous United States and in relation to the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia.
Location of Washington, D.C., in the contiguous United States and in relation to the U.S. states of Maryland andVirginia.
Coordinates: 38°54′17″N 77°00′59″WCoordinates38°54′17″N 77°00′59″W
Country  United States
Approved 1790
Organized 1801
Consolidated 1871
Granted limited self-government 1973
Named for George Washington
 • Mayor Muriel Bowser (D)
 • D.C. Council
 • U.S. House Eleanor Holmes Norton (D), Delegate (At-large)
 • Federal district 68.34 sq mi (177.0 km2)
 • Land 61.05 sq mi (158.1 km2)
 • Water 7.29 sq mi (18.9 km2)
Highest elevation 409 ft (125 m)
Lowest elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2015 estimate)[1][2]
 • Federal district 672,228
 • Rank 22nd, U.S. as of 2014incorporated places estimate
 • Density 11,011/sq mi (4,251/km2)
 • Metro 6,033,737 (7th, U.S.)
 • CSA 9,546,579 (4th, U.S.)
 • Demonym Washingtonian
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
ZIP code(s) 20001-20098, 20201-20599
Area code(s) 202

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States. The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U.S. Constitutionprovided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Congress and the District is therefore not a part of any U.S. state.

The states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria. Named in honor of George Washington, the City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress returned the land originally ceded by Virginia; in 1871, it created a single municipal government for the remaining portion of the District.

Washington had an estimated population of 672,228 as of July 2015. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's population to more than one million during the workweek. The Washington metropolitan area, of which the District is a part, has a population of over 6 million, the seventh-largest metropolitan statistical area in the country.

The centers of all three branches of the federal government of the United States are in the District, including the Congress, President, and Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments and museums, which are primarily situated on or around the National Mall. The city hosts 176 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit organizations, lobbying groups, and professional associations.

A locally elected mayor and a 13?member council have governed the District since 1973. However, the Congress maintains supreme authority over the city and may overturn local laws. D.C. residents elect a non-voting, at-largecongressional delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the U.S. Senate. The District receives three electoral votes in presidential elections as permitted by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961.

Washington, DC, Homes and Condos

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